Scientists have made tremendous success in the history of medicine with the discovery of a vaccine for the dreaded HIV.
A new vaccine against HIV, to be tested in a trial to be launched in South Africa Wednesday, could be “the final nail in the coffin” for the disease if it is successful, scientists say.
The study, called HVTN 702, aims to enroll 5,400 sexually active men and women aged between 18 and 35 at 15 sites across South Africa according to the Leadership.
It will be the largest and most advanced HIV vaccine clinical trial to take place in South Africa, where more than 1,000 people a day are infected with HIV.
“If deployed alongside our current armory of proven HIV prevention tools, a safe and effective vaccine could be the final nail in the coffin for HIV,” Anthony Fauci, director of the U.S. government’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), said in a statement released ahead of the trial.
“Even a moderately effective vaccine would significantly decrease the burden of HIV disease over time in countries and populations with high rates of HIV infection, such as South Africa,” he said.
The vaccine being tested in HVTN 702 is based on a 2009 trial in Thailand, that was found to be 31.2 percent effective at preventing HIV infection over the 3.5 years of follow-up after the vaccination.
The new vaccine aims to provide greater and more sustained protection and has been adapted to the HIV subtype that predominates in southern Africa.
“HIV has taken a devastating toll in South Africa, but now we begin a scientific exploration that could hold great promise for our country,” said Glenda Gray, chief executive officer of the South African Medical Research Council.
“If an HIV vaccine were found to work in South Africa, it could dramatically alter the course of the pandemic.”
Volunteers for the study, funded by NIAID, are being randomly assigned to receive either the vaccine regimen or a placebo. All participants will receive five injections over a year.
Participants who become infected with HIV in the community will be referred to local medical providers for care and treatment and will be counselled on how to reduce their risk of transmitting the virus.
South Africa has more than 6.8 million people living with HIV, but the country has had remarkable success in rolling out an HIV drug treatment program, which the government says is the largest in the world.
Life expectancy, which sank as the epidemic grew, has rebounded from 57.1 years in 2009 to 62.9 years in 2014.
Bobby Shmurda Finally Opens Up On Why He Took Some Time For Rowdy Rebel In Prison
“He deserves four more babies” – Simi says as Adekunle Gold treats her to a private beach party (Video)
‘They’ll be the first to run away when crisis starts’ Lai Mohammed asks Nigerians to shun secessionists (Details below)
After A Mad Woman Went Into Labour, See Throwback Photos Of The Cute Baby That She Gave Birth To (Photos below)
JUST IN: Nigerian Crop Members Might Start to Serve Abroad, See Reasons (Details below)
See The Top Nigerian Leaders Sponsoring Bandits And Killings In The Country, This Will Shock You (Details below)
JUST IN: You Can’t Become President Without River’s Votes – Wike (Details below)
All Nigerian Parents Must Take Note Of This Important Information by The Federal Government (Details below)
- News1 day ago
After Leaving Europe to Join Nigerian League, Ahmed Musa’s Salary at Kano Pillars Revealed (Details below)
- Crime1 day ago
Another Bloody Sunday in Nigeria, See The Number of People That Died Today (Details below)
- Love & Relationship1 day ago
Meet The Man Who Found Love While In Prison And Got Married There, See How It Happened (Photos below)
- Celebrity Gossip & Gist1 day ago
Mixed Reactions As James Brown Is Stripped Naked By Angry Youths In Lagos (Video below)